The Role and Evolution of Diplomacy


The conduct of diplomacy has changed significantly over the past sixty years. Prior to World War II, diplomacy was essentially a government-to-government relationship. Since the war, it has broadened to include as it is the diplomacy of the global economic system, cultural centers, international organizations, civil society organizations, etc. This lecture will try to explain the evolution of diplomacy, from the Westfalia treaty (1648) to contemporary diplomacy, identifying its key developments.


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Alex De Waal, Darfur and the failure of the responsibility to protect,
Jan Melissen, Wielding soft power: the new public diplomacy, 2005
Laurence-Camille Richard, Diplomacy in the Twenty-First century: Change and Evolution, 2011
Ingrid D’hoogue, The rise of China’s public diplomacy, 2005
Mark Leonard_Public Diplomacy