The Role of NGOs: Track 2 Diplomacy


Track II diplomacy generally involves informal interaction with influential unofficial actors from civil society, business or religious communities, and local leaders. It generally seeks to supplement Track I diplomacy by working with middle and lower levels of society and often involves non-traditional methods, such as facilitating dialogue mechanisms and meetings that include participants from both government and non-government institutions. This lecture gives insights on the role of Non-Governmental Organizations and Institutional Organization as well as the limits of their influence to influencing and framing international issues.

Related documents:

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Herman Joseph Kraft, The Autonomy Dilemma of Track Two Diplomacy in Southeast Asia. Kraft, 2000
Dalia Dassa Kaye, Rethinking Track Two Diplomacy: The Middle East and South Asia, 2005
Oliver P. Richmond, Rethinking Conflict Resolution: The Linkage Problematic Between "Track I" and "Track II", 2001